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California 2nd Amend. Political Discussion & Activism Discuss gun rights activism and 2A related political topics here. All advice given is NOT legal counsel.

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Old 02-22-2013, 10:55 PM
Markinsac Markinsac is offline
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Default 2013 CA AB 1084 - Melendez - Firearms: punishment

Changes terms of confinement for a range of firearms violations.

http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/fa...arch_keywords=

Quote:
AB 1084, as introduced, Melendez. Firearms: punishment.


(1) Existing law prohibits a person from possessing a firearm in a place that the person knows, or reasonably should know, is a school zone, unless it is with the written permission of the school district superintendent. Under existing law, any person who violates this provision by possessing a firearm in, or on the grounds of, a public or private school providing instruction in kindergarten or grades 1 to 12, inclusive, is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for 2, 3, or 4 years. Under existing law, any person who violates this provision by possessing a firearm within a distance of 1,000 feet from the grounds of a public or private school providing instruction in kindergarten or grades 1 to 12, inclusive, is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for 2, 3, or 4 years.

This bill would make a violation of the above provisions punishable in the state prison. If the person is within a class of persons prohibited from possessing a firearm, the bill would require the person to be punished in the state prison for 4, 5, or 6 years if the violation was on the school grounds, and by imprisonment in the state prison for 3, 4, or 5 years if the violation was within 1,000 feet from the school grounds. In the case of a person who is within a class of persons prohibited from possessing a firearm, the bill would also require a mandatory 9-month term of incarceration in a county jail as a condition of probation. By increasing the punishment for certain crimes, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

(2) Existing law makes it unlawful for any person, with reckless disregard for the safety of another, to discharge, or attempt to discharge, a firearm in a school zone, punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for 3, 5, or 7 years.

This bill would make this crime punishable in the state prison.

(3) Existing law makes it a crime to bring or possess a firearm, or a loaded firearm, upon the grounds of a campus of a public or private university. Under existing law the crime is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for 1, 2, or 3 years if the firearm was unloaded, and 2, 3, or 4 years if loaded.

This bill would make these crimes punishable in a state prison, and in the case of an unloaded firearm, would increase the minimum term from 1 year to 16 months. In the case of a person who is within a class of persons prohibited from possessing a firearm, the bill would impose a state prison sentence of 3, 4, or 5 years, and a mandatory 6-month jail term as a condition of probation, if probation is granted, for a loaded firearm, and a state prison sentence of 2, 3, or 4 years, and a mandatory 3-month jail term as a condition of probation, if probation is granted, for an unloaded firearm. By increasing the punishment for a crime, and by creating new crimes, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

(4) Under existing law it is a crime for any person to brandish a firearm, unlawfully carry a concealed firearm, or carry a loaded firearm, upon the grounds of or within a playground, or a public or private youth center during operating hours, punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for 1, 2, or 3 years.

This bill would make a felony violation of this crime punishable in the state prison and would increase the minimum term from 1 year to 16 months. In the case of a person who is within a class of persons prohibited from possessing a firearm, the bill would impose a prison sentence of 2, 3, or 4 years, and a mandatory 6-month jail term as a condition of probation, if probation is granted. By increasing the punishment for a crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

(5) Existing law requires that all persons released from prison on and after October 1, 2011, after serving a prison term for a felony be subject to postrelease community supervision provided by a county agency for a period of 3 years immediately following release, except for persons released after serving a term for a serious felony, a violent felony, an offense for which the person was sentenced pursuant to the 3 strikes law, a crime where the person is classified as a High Risk Sex Offender, or a crime where the person is required to undergo treatment by the State Department of State Hospitals because the person has a severe mental disorder. Existing law requires these persons to be subject to parole supervision by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation following release from state prison.

This bill would additionally require that specified persons released from state prison on or after January 1, 2014, be subject to parole supervision by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, including persons who have a current or prior felony conviction for any offense involving deadly weapons, any person who commits assault upon a person with a deadly weapon, a firearm, a machinegun, or a semiautomatic firearm, or who commits assault on a peace officer, any person who has a prior conviction for a serious or violent felony involving the use of a deadly or dangerous weapon or firearm, any person who has a current or prior conviction for any homicide or attempted homicide offense, any person who receives a sentence enhancement for carrying a firearm in the commission of any street gang crimes, who was armed with a firearm in the commission of a felony, or who had in his or her immediate possession ammunition designed primarily to penetrate metal armor or who wore a body vest in the commission of a felony or violent offense, and any person who has a current or prior conviction of a crime involving bringing firearms in a school zone or playground.

(6) Existing law generally prohibits the carrying of a concealed firearm. If a person has previously been convicted of any felony, or certain other specified crimes, existing law makes a violation of the law against carrying a concealed weapon a felony, punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or 2 or 3 years, and imposes a mandatory 3-month jail term as a condition of probation, if probation is granted.

This bill would instead make this crime punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 2, 3, or 4 years, and would increase the mandatory jail term imposed as a condition of probation to 6 months. If the person has been previously convicted of certain specified violent felonies, the bill would require imprisonment in the state prison for 3, 4, or 5 years, and would impose a mandatory jail term of 9 months as a condition of probation, if probation is granted. By increasing the punishment for a crime, this bill would impose a state mandated local program.

(7) Under existing law, a person is guilty of carrying a loaded firearm when the person carries a loaded firearm on the person or in a vehicle while in any public place or on any public street in an incorporated city or in any public place or on any public street in a prohibited area of unicorporated territory. Under existing law, a violation of this provision where the person has been convicted of any felony, or of certain specified crimes, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or 2 or 3 years.

This bill would instead make this crime punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 2, 3, or 4 years, and would impose a mandatory jail term of 6 months as a condition of probation, if probation is granted. If the person has previously been convicted of certain specified felonies, the bill would require imprisonment in the state prison for 3, 4, or 5 years, and would impose a mandatory jail term of 9 months as a condition of probation, if probation is granted. By increasing the punishment for a crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

(8) Existing law makes it a misdemeanor to furnish a firearm to certain specified classes of people who are prohibited from having a firearm. If the violation involves knowingly providing a firearm to persons specified as having been convicted of violating certain laws, existing law makes a violation punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for 2, 3, or 4 years. If the firearm is provided where the person furnishing the firearm has cause to believe the recipient is within the prohibited class, or is within a class of people prohibited for reasons of mental illness, existing law makes a violation punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for 16 months, or 2 or 3 years.

This bill would make a violation of the above provisions punishable in the state prison for 2, 3, or 4 years, and would impose a mandatory jail term of 6 months as a condition of probation, if probation is granted. The bill would also impose this mandatory jail term as a condition of probation if the violation involved furnishing a firearm to a person who actively participates in a criminal street gang.

(9) Existing law makes it a crime to furnish a firearm to anyone the person knows is not the actual purchaser. Under existing law no dealer may acquire a firearm with the intent to violate provisions of law prohibiting the furnishing of a handgun to any person who is under 21 years of age, or any other firearm to a person under 18 years of age, or with the intent to violate the provisions of law requiring a 10-day waiting period. Under existing law no person may acquire a firearm with the intent to avoid completing a firearms transaction through a licensed dealer. Existing law makes these crimes punishable in a county jail for 16 months, or 2 or 3 years, or by a fine not to exceed $1,000, or by both that fine and imprisonment.

This bill would instead make these provisions punishable in the state prison for 16 months, or 2 or 3 years.

(10) Existing law makes it a felony for any person who has been convicted of a felony or certain other specified crimes, or who is addicted to the use of any narcotic drug, to possess a firearm. Existing law makes it a felony for any person who has been convicted of a felony or certain other specified crimes, when the conviction resulted from a certification by the juvenile court for prosecution as an adult, to possess a firearm. Under existing law these crimes are punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or 2 or 3 years.
Total of 16 sections - had to prune to post it.
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